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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(九)

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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(九).doc

选作题I:

 Part IDialogue Communication (15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, eueh fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete th dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. Anny: Do you still have a headache, Mike?

Mike: Yes, I do. And now I have a fever and cough constantly.

Anny:__________

A. That' s very regretful.

B. That' s pitiful.

C. That' s too bad.

D. That' s a pity.

2. Bus Driver: Move to the back of the bus, please. There are plenty of seats.

Passenger:__________

Bus Driver: Forty cents. Drop it in the box?

A. What is the price, please?

B. What shall be the fee, please?

C. How much does it cost, please?

D. How much is the fare, please?

3. W: Have you had the brakes( 刹车 ) and tires(轮胎) checked? And do you have enough money?

M:__________

A. No. !' m going to buy some brakes and tires.

B. I' ve taken care of everything and I' m sure it' s going to be a wonderful trip.

C. I' ll buy some traveler' s checks for my trip.

D. I have finished the brakes and tires and I have no problem with money.

4. W: Could you please make up this prescription(药方) for me?

M:__________

A. No. You need to see a doctor first.

B. Yes. You can buy the medicine from the drugstore at the comer.

C. Well. It is prescribed clearly in that book.

D. Certainly, I' 11 do it for you right away.

5. Speaker A: Good to see you. You look more fit and better.

Speaker B :__________

A. Thanks. I had a lot of exercise and drank vegetable juice every day.

B. Sorry. I don' t think I am more fit. Actually, I caught a bad cold.

C. Yes. I' m much more fit. And you?

D. I' m glad to see you too, though I' m not much better that ever before.

6. Kate: Hello. Could I speak to Jane, Please?

Jane :__________

A. Yes, you could.

B. Speaking.

C. Who are you?

D. Speak, Please.

7. M : Can I see a demonstration of this tape recorder?

W:__________

A. No, I am afraid you can' t.

B. Sure. It is very easy to operate.

C. All right, sir. Here you go.

D. That' s all right. But we can' t break it up.

8. Woman: Thank you very much for your help.

Man:__________

A. Never mind.

B. Not at all.

C. It doesn' t matter.

D. No thanks.

9. Speaker A: I' ve just heard that the tickets for Swan Lake have been sold out.

Speaker B : Oh, no !__________

A. It doesn' t matter.

B. It' s not at all interesting.

C. I was looking forward to it.

D. I knew it already.

10. Speaker A: Excuse me, Professor Smith, can you spare me a few minutes? There' s something I' d like to speak to you about. I won' t keep you long.

Speaker B :__________

A. Of course not. Haven' t you seen have been pretty busy now?

B. Well, I' m afraid we have to find some other time. I' m fully occupied now.

C. No. I' 11 have an important meeting to attend this evening. D. Not possible, as I don' t know how long you will keep me.

11. Speaker A: East Bouren 54655.

 Speaker B : Hello. John here. Can I speak to Mary, please?

 A:__________

 B: OK.

A. Who's that speaking?

B. Could you take a message?

C. Hold the line, please

D. I think she' s gone shopping.

12. W: I' m terribly sorry I' m late. I had rather a difficult time finding your office.

 M:__________

 A. Saying sorry won' t be enough for being late. You have to account for what you' ve done.

 B. That' s all right. Please sit down and I' 11 start to ask you a few questions.

 C. You needn' t saying sorry. It' s often the case.

 D. Put on your name in the attendance record and go to your work.

13. Jack:__________

 Lora: I'm an engineer.

 Jack: Oh, are you?

 Lora: How about you?

 Jack: I work for a trading company.

A. How are you doing?

B. What do you do?

C. How do you do?

D. What are you doing?

14. Speaker A: Allow me to introduce Dr. Jones to you.

 Speaker B :__________

 A. I' m much pleased to make you an acquaintance.

 B. That' s all right. I' m Jim Watson.

 C. Thank you for your introduction.

 D. I' d like to express my thanks to you.

15. Doctor:__________

 Patient: I' ve caught a bad cold and got a sour throat.

 A. Do you have anything to declare, sir?

 B. Good morning. May I help you?

 C. How have you been getting along recently?

 D. What seems to be the problem?

Part IReading Comprehension (30 % )

Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You should de-cide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the.following passage:

There was one thought that air pollution affected only the area immediately around large citieswith factories and heavy automobile traffic. At present, we realize that although these are the areas with the worst air pollution, the problem is literally worldwide. ( 76 ) On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentration of manufacturing and automobile traffic. In fact, the very climate of the entire earth may be infected by air pollution. Some scien-tists consider that the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the air resulting from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) is creating a "greenhouse effect"--conserving heat reflected from the earth and raising the world' s average temperature. If this view is correct and the world' s tempera- ture is raised only a few degrees, much of the polar ice cap will melt and cities such as New York,Boston, Miami, and New Orleans will be in water.

(77) Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is blocking sunlight and lowering the earth' s temperature--a result that would be equally disastrous.

A drop of just a few degrees could create something close to a new ice age, and would make agri-culture difficult or impossible in many of our top fanning areas. Today we do not know for sure that either of these conditions will happen (though one recent government report drafted by experts in the field concluded that the greenhouse effect is very possible ). Perhaps, if we are lucky enough, the two tendencies will offset each other and the world' s temperature will stay about the same as it is now.

1. As pointed out at the beginning of the passage, people used to think that air pollution__________.

A. caused widespread damage in the countryside

B. affected the entire eastern half of the United States

C. had damaging effect on health

D. existed merely in urban and industries areas

2. As to the greenhouse effect, the author__________.

A. shares the same view with the scientists

B. is uncertain of its occurrence

C. rejects it as bein~ ungrounded

D. thinks that it will destroy the world soon

3. The word "offset" in the second paragraph could be replaced by__________.

A. slip into

B. make up for

C. set up

D. catch up with

4. It can be concluded that__________.

A. raising the world' s temperature only a few degrees would not do much harm to life on earth

B. lowering the world' s temperature merely a few degrees would lead many major farming areas to disaster

C. almost no temperature variations have occurred over the past decade

D. the world' s temperature will remain constant in the years to come

5. This passage is primarily about__________.

A. the greenhouse effect

B. the burning of fossil fuels

C. the potential effect of air pollution

D. the likelihood of a new ice age

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage :

Harriet Beecher Stowe had poured her heart into her anti-slavery book," Uncle Tom' s Cab-in". But neither she nor her first publisher thought it would be a big success. (78)The publisher was so doubtful that he wanted her to split the publishing costs with him, and all she hoped was that it would make enough money for her to buy a new silk dress.

But when the first 5,000 copies were printed in 1852, they sold out in two days. In a year the book had sold 300,000 copies in the United States and 150,000 in England. For a while it outsold(销得比... 多) every book in the world, except the Bible.

Within six months of its release, a play was made from the book which ran 350 performances in New York and remained America'. s most popular play for 80 years.

( 79 ) It might appear that" Uncle Tom' s Cabin" was universally popular, but this was certainly not true. Many people during those pre-Civil War days--particularly defenders of the slavery sys-tem-condemned it as false propaganda and poorly written melodrama(传奇剧作品).

Harriet did have strong religious views against slavery ( When asked how she came to write the book, she replied," God wrote it. "), and she tried to convince people slavery was wrong, so per-haps the book could be considered propaganda. But if so, it was true propaganda, because it accu-rately described the evils of slavery.

Though she was born in Connecticut, 1832, as a young woman she moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, when her father accepted the presidency of newly founded Lane Theological Seminary( 神学 院). Ohio was a free state, but just across the Ohio River in Kentucky, Harriet saw slavery in ac-

tion. She lived 18 years in Cincinnati, marrying Calvin Stowe, professor of a college. In 1851, Harriet Beecher Stowe began her book.

Its vast influence strengthened the anti-slavery movement and angered defenders of the slave system. Today some historians(历史学家) think that it helped bring on the American Civil War.

In fact, when Abraham Lincoln met Harriet at the White House during the Civil War, he said,"So, this is the little lady who started this big war. "

6. Before the publication of the book "Uncle Tom' s Cabin"__________.

A. Harriet knew that it would be a great success

B. the publisher wanted Harriet to publish it at her own expense

C. nobody knew that it would become a very popular book

D. no publisher wanted to publish this anti-slavery book

7. Some people did not like "Uncle Tom's Cabin" chiefly because__________.

A. the author was merely an unknown little lady

B. they thought it was mere propaganda

C. the book was poorly written

D. the book might lead to a terrible war

8. Han'iet Beecher Stowe was able to describe the evils of slavery because__________.

A. she had lived for 18 years in a state where slavery was legal

B. she had suffered quite a lot under the slavery system

C. she had witnessed what happened under the slavery system

D. she had read a lot about the slavery system

9. When Abraham Lincoln called Harriet "the little lady who started this big war", he__________.

A. thought that she was almost a war criminal

B. was talking about the great influence her book had produced

C. was blaming her for the miseries the people had suffered during the war

D. was praising her for the contributions she had made during the war

10. The writer wrote the passage in order to__________.

 A. expose the evils of the slavery system

 B. condemn all kinds of war

 C. describe people' s life in Harriet' s time

 D. tell us how Harriet wrote her famous book

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

"Equal pay for equal work" is a phrase used by the American women who feel that they are unfairly treated by society. They say it is not right for women to be paid less than men for the same work.

Some people say men have more duties than women. A married man is thought to earn money to support his family and to make the important decision, so it is right for them to be paid more.

Some are even against married women working at all. When wives go out to work, they say, the home and children are given no attention to. (80) If women are encouraged by equal pay to take full-time jobs, they will be unable to do the thing.s they are best at doing: makinga nice home and bringing up children.

Women who disagree say they want to escape from the limited place which society wishes them to fill and to have freedom to choose between work and home life, or a mixture of the two.

Women have the right not only to equal pay but also to equal chances.

11. The women use the phrase "equal pay for equal work" to ask society to__________.

 A. pay men less than women

 B. give women harder work

 C. pay men and women the same amount of money for the same work

 D. pay people more who do harder work

12. Some people believe that__________.

 A. women can' t do what men can

 B. men have to work much harder than women

 C. men can earn money more easily than women

 D. men' s duties are different from women' s

13. Some people holding even stronger opinions say that__________.

 A. women should be kind to their husbands

 B. women are too weak to take full-time jobs

 C. home is the best pace for women

 D. women should only take part-time jobs

14. The women who disagree say that__________.

 A. women need chances to go out of the home more often

 B. women want more freedom in deciding what kind of life they want

 C. women are no longer interested in taking care of their homes

 D. if women are given equal pay, they can do everything instead of men

15. According to this passage some women want to give up __________.

 A. their present position in society

 B. their marriage

 C. their right to equal pay

 D. their home life

 Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure (30%)

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. They discussed the problem three or four times, but could come to no__________.

A. end

B. conclusion

C. result

D. judgment

17. You will be late__________you leave immediately.

A. unless

B. until

C. if

D. or

18. Don' t __________the camera unless you are sure you can put it together.

A. take...off

B. work...out

C. set...off

D. take...apart

19. Please keep an eye on my luggage, and I' ll be back__________.

A. in time

B. in no time

C. at one time

D. at a time

20. Lying in hospital, the patient __________the outside world by watching news programs on TV every day.

A. kept in touch with

B. faced up

C. turned the clock back

D. slowed down

21. We felt very sad when we heard the news that the __________manager was killed in his office yesterday.

A. respectful

B. respectable

C. respective

D. respecting

22. His__________of the aeroplane was correct in every detail and could really fly.

A. shape

B. pattern

C. design

D. model

23. If you __________your demand, then maybe you will have more chance of getting what you want.

A. conduct

B. dismiss

C. grant

D. moderate

24. The storm sweeping over this area now is sure to cause __________of vegetables in the coming days.

A. rarity

B. scarcity

C. invalidity

D. variety

25. Expected noises are usually more__________ than unexpected ones of the like magnitude.

A. manageable

B. controllable

C. tolerable

D. perceivable

26. The government placed__________on the numbers of foreign cars that could be imported.

A. limitations

B. restraint

C. requirements

D. restrictions

27. At first the institute refused to purchase the telescope, but this decision was __________revised.

A. occasionally

B. consequently

C. successively

D. subsequently

28. __________student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

A. Each

B. Either

C. Any

D. One

29. According to the weather forecast, which is usually __________ , it will snow this afternoon.

A. accurate

B. precise

C. exact

D. perfect

30.__________ the fog, we should have reached our destination.

A. Because of

B. In spite of

C. In case of

D. But for

31. The children will have to__________their play-time hours when school opens.

A. cut in

B. cut up

C. cut on

D. cut down

32. I could not afford to rent a house like that,__________ it.

A. let alone to buy

B. let alone buy

C. to say nothing to buy

D. say nothing buying

33. Please let us have more time,__________?

A. shall we

B. will you

C. won' t you

D. don' t you

34. He spoke English so well that I took it __________that he was an American.

A. for granted

B. as tree

C. for certain

D. as such

35. The interviewer should take down notes at the moment the person __________answers the ques- tions.

A. to be interviewed

B. interviewing

C. being interviewed

D. interviewed

36. You will never guess whom I __________on the street yesterday.

A. ran over

B. ran out of

C. ran into

D. ran up to

37. I don' t think it is any use __________this matter any further.

A. discussing

B. to discuss

C. to discussing

D. to be discussed

38. The opening between the rocks was very narrow, but the boys managed to __________through.

A. press

B. squeeze

C. stretch

D. leap

39. Because of the poor harvest, wheat prices have __________in the last six months.

A. added

B. jumped

C. amounted

D. developed

40. Many players who had been highly thought of have__________ from the tennis scene.

A. disposed

B. disappeared

C. discouraged

D. discarded

41. All their attempts to __________the child from the burning building were in vain.

A. regain

B. recover

C. rescue

D. reserve

42.The__________ goal of the book is to help bridge the gap between research and teaching, partic- ularly the gap between researchers and teachers.

A. joint

B. intensive

C. overall

D. decisive

43. What makes the space shuttle__________ is that it takes off like a rocket but lands like an air-plane.

A. exceptional

B. strange

C. unique

D. rare

44. The chances of discovering life on Neptune are about a million__________.

A. at one

B. for one

C. to one

D. against one

45. They did not find__________to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet.

A. worth their while

B. it worthwhile

C. it worth

D. it worthy

Part ⅣCldentification ( 10 % )

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

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 Part IVCloze ( 10% )

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

The United States56a large part of the North American continent. Its neighbors are Can-ada57the north,58Mexico to the south.59the United States is a big country, it' s not the largest in the world. In 1964 its60was over 185,000,000.

When this land first became a nation, after61independence from England, it had thirteen states,62of the states was represented on the American flag by a63. All the states were in the eastern part of the continent. As the nation grew towards the west, new states were in the eastern part of the continent. As the nation grew towards the west, new states were added and new stars64on the flag. For a long time, there were 48 states. In 1959, however, two65 stars were added to the flag66the new states67Alaska and Hawaii.

Sometimes68is said that the Indians are the only real Americans. Most Americans, how-ever, are descendants(后代) of people69came from all over the world to find a new70 in a new land.71who came first and72greatest numbers to make their home73the eastern coast of North America were mostly from England. It is74that reason that the lan-guage of the United States is English and that its culture and customs are more like75of Eng-land than of any other country in the world.

56. A. does

B. makes

C. covers

D. gives

57. A. to

B. in

C. at

D. from

58. A. or.

B. and

C. either

D. nor

59. A. Although

B. As

C. Because

D. Now that

60. A. nation

B. people

C. persons

D. population

61. A. doing

B. winning

C. giving

D. making

62. A. every

B. all

C. each

D. some

63. A. satellite

B. moon

C. planet

D. star

64. A. disappeared

B. appeared

C. were disappeared

D. were appeared

65. A. less

B. More

C. another

D. others

66. A. represents

B. represented

C. represent

D. representing

67. A. of

B. from

C. between

D. by

68. A. this

B. that

C. It

D. such

69. A. which

B. who

C. those

D. whom

70. A. work

B. land

C. life

D. star

71. A. There

B. This

C. Those

D. That

72. A. on

B. in

C. by

D. for

73. A. on

B. in

C. over

D. of

74. A. because of

B. because

C. for

D. from

75. A. these

B. those

C. the one

D. that

Part VTranslation (20 % )

Section A

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken frorn the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentra- tion of manufacturing and automobile traffic. ( Passage 1 )

77. Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is bloc- king sunlight and lowering the earth' s temperature--a result that would be equally disastrous.( Passage 1 ) ~

78. The publisher was so doubtful that he wanted her to split the publishing costs with him, and all she hoped was that it would make enough money for her to buy a new silk dress. ( Passage 2 )

79. It might appear that" Uncle Tom' s Cabin" was universally popular, but this was certainly not true. ( Passage 2 )

80. If women are encouraged by equal pay to take full-time jobs, they will be unable to do the things they are best at doing: making a nice home and bringing up children. (Passage 3)

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.他努力控制住自己的感情,假装没有听见那个令人悲痛的消息。

82.就业余爱好而言,珍妮和她妹妹几乎没有什么共同之处。

83.这个房间比那个房间大3倍。

84.如果让我来决定我们是要一个没有自行车的城市,还是要一个没有汽车的城市,我会毫不犹豫地选择后者。

85.无论多么困难,我也不会失去信心。

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting (15%)

Directions : For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "Good Stud-y Habits".You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below :

1.应当培养良好的学习习惯;

2.一些最基本的学习方法;

3.在交流中学习。

参考答案:

选作题I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

1.C2.D3.B4.D5.A6.B7.B8.B9.Cl0.B11.Cl2.Bl3.Bl4.Cl5.D

 Part IReading Comprehension

Passage l

1.D事实细节题。根据文中第一句,以前人们都认为空气污染只会影响那些有众多工厂和严重交通堵塞现象的大城市及其周边地区,所以选D。根据下文,A、B、C都是后来人们意识到的。

2.B推理判断题。根据文章第一段最后两句,作者引用了一些科学家的观点,空气中二氧化碳的增多会导致温室效应。然后作者提出一种假设,如果这是真的的话,那么南极的冰雪就会融化,将纽约等城市淹没。然而对这种观点的正确性从文章很难看出。另外文中第二段第三句提到“今天我们还不能确定这两种情况能否发生…”,所以作者的态度应是“uncertain”。

3.B推理判断题。即使不认识“0ffset”这个词,我们也可通过上下文猜出来。文章提到的两种可能性一是全球变暖,一是全球降温,只有这两种可能性相互抵消,即冷暖相互弥补,才能出现最后一句的“气温和现在一样正常”。所以选B(make up for“弥补”)。slip into“滑进”;set up“建立,创造”;catch up with“追上,赶上”。

4.B推理判断题。文章第二段第二句提到降温几度就能导致农业生产困难甚至无法生产,这对农业来说无疑是巨大的灾难,所以B正确;根据第一段,温室效应可能导致南极的冰雪融化,将纽约等城市淹没,所以A(全球变暖不会给地球生活带来危害)是不正确的;根据常识,近几十年气温在逐渐升高,所以C也不对;作者在文中提到空气污染严重影响全球气温的变化,所以只要污染存在,气温就不可能恒定不变,D说得太绝对了。

5.C归纳概括题。文章第一段提到地球的气温可能受到空气污染的影响,接下来谈到两种因空气污染可能造成的后果,所以应选C“空气污染可能带来的影响”。其他三个选项都只是文章主题的一个方面。

Passage 2

6.C事实细节题。从文章第一段可知,在《汤姆叔叔的小屋》出版前没有人知道这本书能成功。

7.B事实细节题。从文章第四段第二句可知,主要是奴隶制的捍卫者不喜欢这本反对奴隶制的小说,他们认为该小说“只是虚假的宣传”。所以选B。

8.C事实细节题。根据文章第六段第二句,斯坨夫人“亲眼目睹了奴隶制”。其余选项文章中都没有提到。

9.B推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段,一些历史学家认为《汤姆叔叔的小屋》推动了美国内战的发生。当林肯说“这个小女人发起了这次战争”的时候,他也是在谈这本书的影响。所以选B。

10.D推理判断题。文章的写作目的要从文章的内容来判断。文章从《汤姆叔叔的小屋》出版前作者和出版人的没有丝毫把握谈起,然后写这本书的成功以及遭到的攻击,接下来是作者写该书的背景,最后写它的影响。可见作者只是单纯客观地介绍《汤姆叔叔的小屋》及其作者,所以选D,与其他的无关。

Passage 3

11.C事实细节题。根据文章的第一段,“同工同酬”是指“女人做与男人同样的工作而得到比男人少的酬劳是不对的”,即应得到同样的酬劳。

12.D事实细节题。根据文章的第二段第一句,“有人说男人的责任比女人多”。所以选D。其他的选项与本题无关。

13.C事实细节题。根据文章的第二段第三句,“有些人甚至反对已婚妇女工作”,意即让她们待在家里,所以选C。其他的选项都不符合题意。

14.B事实细节题。根据文章的最后一段,反对男女不平等的妇女认为“她们想逃脱社会赋予她们的这个有限空间,自由地选择去工作还是做家庭妇女”,意即她们想得到更多的自由来选择过什么样的生活。其他的选项都不切题意。

15.A推理判断题。从全文的内容来看,妇女们想得到与男人同样的权利,所以她们要放弃的应是“目前的社会地位”,而不是她们的“婚姻”、“平等酬劳的权利”、“家庭生活”。

Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure

16.B本题考查名词辨析。come to a conclusion“得出结论”,固定搭配;come to no conclusion“没得出结论”。come to an end“结束”,一般不说come to no end。result“结果”;judg—ment“判断”,后两个词不和come to相搭配。句意为:这个问题他们讨论了三四次,但没能得出结论。

17.A本题考查连词辨析。可转化为If you don’t leave immediately,you will be late。B、D句意不对,且or表转折,A意为“除非”。句意为:除非你立即走,否则你就会迟到。

18.D本题考查动词短语辨析。take sth.apart“把…拆开”;take…off…“把…从…上取下来”;work out“做出,制定出”;set off“动身,起程”。句意为:除非你有把握能重新组装到一块,要不然不要拆开相机。

19.B本题考查介词短语辨析。in no time“立刻,马上”,可以和过去时、将来时搭配;in time“及时”;at one time“曾经”,用在过去时中;at a time“一次”,表频率。句意为:请照看一下我的行李,我马上回来。

20.A本题考查动词短语辨析。keep in touch with“与…保持联系”;face up往往和to搭配,表示“勇敢面对”;turn the clock back“把时间调回…”;slow down“慢下来”。句意为:躺在医院里,这位病人每天靠收看电视新闻节目与外界保持联系。

21.B本题考查同根词辨析。四个词的词根都是respect,但各有各的含义。respectable“可敬的,值得别人尊敬或尊重的”;respectful“尊重别人的;表示敬意的”;respective“分别的,各自的”;respecting(prep.),“关系,说到”。根据句意,应选respectable。句意为:听到那位令人尊敬的经理昨天在办公室被杀害的消息,我们都很伤心。

22.D本题考查名词辨析。model“模型,模范”;shape“外形,形状”;pattern“图案”;design“设计,图案”。四个词中,只有model能够真正地飞起来,符合题意。句意为:他的飞机模型在各个细节上都很正确,而且真的能飞起来。

23.D本题考查动词辨析。moderate“缓和,调和,减少…激烈、严厉或极端的程度”;conduct“引导,管理,为人,传导”;dismiss“解散,下课,开除,解职”;grant“同意,准予,承认”。句意为:如果你能降低一点要求,可能你会有更多机会得到你想要的。

24.B本题考查名词辨析。scarcity“缺乏,不足”;rarity“奇事,珍品,奇物;稀少”(强调稀有,罕见);invalidity“无效”;variety“变化,多样性”。句意为:横扫这个地区的暴风雨肯定会造成近期内蔬菜缺乏。

25.D本题考查形容词辨析。perceivable“可感知的”;manageable“易处理的,易管理的”;controllable“可操纵的,可控制的”;tolerable“可容忍的”。句意为:在同等分贝条件下,预先知道的声音要比预料不到的声音更容易感觉到。

26.D本题考查名词辨析。limitation“局限性”;restraint“抑制,克制”;requirement“要求,需求”;restriction“限制,约束”。政府能实施的应该是“restriction”。句意为:政府对进口外国汽车的数量进行限制。

27.D本题考查副词辨析。subsequently“后来,随后”;occasionally“有时,偶尔”;consequently“从而,因此”;successively“接连地,连续地”。句意为:最初这家学院拒绝购买望远镜,但后来这个决定被改变了。

28.C本题考查不定代词的用法。any强调“任何一个”;each“每一个”;either“两者之中任一”;one“一个”。句意为:任何一个有点常识的学生都应该能回答这个问题。

29.A本题考查形容词辨析。accurate“正确无误的,可以提供正确的读数或度量的”,如an accurate scale精确的天平;precise“精确的,正确的”,如在实行、实施或数量上很准确的,如a precise measurement/a precise instrument精确的测量/精密仪器;exact“确切的,严格的”;perfect“完美的,理想的”。天气预报应属于accurate的范畴。句意为:根据通常都很准确的天气预报,今天下午会下雪。

30.D本题考查虚拟语气的用法。but for+名词/代词,“要不是因为…”,提出与事实相反的假设,相当于一个条件状语从句,所在句子常用虚拟语气。其他的结构都不用虚拟语气。从主句“we should have reached our destination”可判断,该句使用了虚拟语气,所以选D。句意为:要不是下雾,我们就到达目的地了。

31.D本题考查动词短语辨析。cut down“砍倒,削减,减少”;cut in“打断”;cut up“切碎”。句意为:学校开学孩子们不得不减少玩的时问。

32.B本题考查let alone的用法。let alone“更不用说”,后可接名词或动词原形。句意为:那样的房子我租都租不起,更不用说买了。

33.B本题考查反义疑问句的用法。Let us…,will you?表示说话人请求听话人让其做某事,意思是“让我们做…,行吗?”但如果是Let’s…,shall we?表示说话人向听话人提出建议,要求听话人与其一起做某事。句意为:请多给我点时间,好吗?

34.A本题考查固定搭配。take sth.for granted“认为…理所当然”。句意为:他说英语说得那么好,我想当然认为他是个美国人。

35.C本题考查分词的用法。因为“person”和“interview”之间存在被动的关系,B被排除了;to be interviewed表示“将要被面试的”,时态不对;interviewed表示“已面试完了的”,时态也不对。being interviewed表示“正在被面试的”,时态、语态都对。句意为:当面试者回答问题时,面试官应做记录。

36.C本题考查动词短语辨析。i'un into=l'un across“偶然遇见…”;run over“(车辆)轧过,压过”;run out of“用完,用光”。句意为:你永远也猜不到我昨天在街上遇到谁了。

37.A本题考查it is no use doing sth.句型。it is no use doing sth.“做某事没用”。句意为:我认为没必要继续讨论这个问题了。

38.B本题考查动词辨析。squeeze“挤进,塞进,紧塞”;press“压,按,推”;stretch“拉紧,拉长”;leap“跳,跳跃”。句意为:两块石头之间的缝隙很窄,但那几个男孩还是挤了过去。

39.B本题考查动词辨析。jump“跳跃,上涨”;add“增加,把…加到一起”;amount(常和to搭配)“总共,总计”;develop“发展,发达”。能和prices搭配的只有jump。句意为:由于收成不好,小麦的价格在过去的半年里上涨了。

40.B本题考查动词辨析。disappear(vi.)“消失,不见”;dispose“(一般和of连用)处理,解决”;discourage(vt.),“使气馁”;discard(vt.)“丢弃,抛弃”,如果用该词的话,应用被动。disappear无论在语法和含义上都符合。句意为:许多曾被高度赞扬的球员从网球场上消失了身影。

41.C本题考查动词辨析。rescue sb.from sth.“从…当中援救…”,固定搭配;regain“收回,恢复”;recoverfrom…“从…当中恢复”;reserve“保存,保留,预定”。句意为:他们从着火的大楼里援救这个孩子的所有努力全都白费了。

42.C本题考查形容词辨析。overall“全部的,全面的”;joint“共同的,联合的”;intensive“强烈的”;decisive“决定性的”。从词义上来看,应选0verall。句意为:这本书总的目的是帮助弥补研究和教学之间的差距,尤其是研究员和教师之间的差距。

43.C本题考查形容词辨析。unique“惟一的,独特的,独一无二的”(强调与众不同);excep—tional“例外的,不寻常的”(强调非凡的,优异的);s仃ange“陌生的,奇怪的,奇异的”(强调奇怪);rare“稀罕的,杰出的”(强调稀有)。所以unique最合适。句意为:航天飞机的独特之处在于它像火箭一样起飞而像飞机那样降落。

44.D本题考查介词的用法。against常用来表示“机会,几率”的百分比,to常常表示比分中的“几比几”。句意为:在海王星上发现生命的几率是百万分之一。

45.B本题考查句子结构以及worth和worthwhile的区别。it在本句中是形式宾语,worth—while是宾语补足语。worth一般不单独使用,往往构成“worth+钱”或“worth doing”的结构中,表示“值…钱”或“某事值得被做”,因此在本句中不合适。worthy在“worthy to do”或“woahy of sth./doing sth.”的结构中表示“值得做的”,做定语修饰名词时表示“可敬的,相称的”,所以也不符合题意。只有worthwhile“值得做的,值得出力的”在语法和含义上都符合。句意为:他们觉得为可能遇到的最坏情况做准备不值得。

Part mIdentification

46.C动词用法错误,应改为objected to,因为object表“反对”时是不及物动词。object to sth./doing sth.反对某事(做某事)。

47.D代词位置错误,应改为put it out。“动词+副词”短语接代词宾语时,代词要放在动词和副词之问。

48.B强调句型连接词错误,应改为that。强调句型的构成是“it is(was)+被强调部分+that/who+其他”,强调人时可以用who,此外都要用that连接,而不能用别的连词。

49.C介词搭配错误,应改为in much the same way。in the same way“以同样的方式”,固定搭配。

50.C主谓搭配错误,应改为was。主语中心词是one,故用单数。

51.B并列结构错误,应改为not only finished。not only…but also…“不仅…而且…”,用来连接句中两个并列的成分。在本句中not only…but also…连接的是两个并列的谓语动词,即finish和read。因此not only应放在finished之前。

52.A连词用法错误,应改为Each time。each time…“每次…”,这个名词短语本身可以起连词的作用,可以引导时间状语从句。类似的还有the moment…。

53.C短语搭配错误,应改为just as much。as…as…“和…一样…,像…一样…”,用来表示同级比较,其否定形式是not S0…as…。该句是肯定句,所以用as…as…。

54.D动词单复数搭配错误,应改为dares。dare既可用作情态动词也可以用作实义动词。dare用作情态动词时无人称和数的变化,后直接加动词原形。用作实义动词时有人称和数的变化,后接动词时应加to。本题中既然dare之后有to,就说明dare是个实义动词,所以应用单数。用法相似的动词还有need。

55.C并列结构错误,应改为going。“在好饭店吃饭”和“之后去看戏”是enjoy的两个并列的宾语,而习惯上enjoy后加doing的形式,所以第二个宾语应是going。

Part IVcloze

56.C cover“覆盖”,在本句中指美国占据北美大陆的很大一部分面积。其他三个词都与本意无关,所以选C。

57.A表示两个地区的位置有三个介词:in,to,on。in表示两者存在所属或包含的关系(如台湾和中国的关系),to表示两地相邻但不接壤(如中国和日本的关系),on表示相邻fi接壤(如中国和越南的关系)。因选项中没有on,就只能选to,表相邻。

58.B本句列举了美国的两个邻国,一个是加拿大,另一个是墨西哥,两者应是并列的关系,所以应选and。

59.A“美国是个大国”与“它不是世界上最大的国家”两个分句间很显然是转折的关系,所以应选although,只有它表转折。now that=since“现在,既然”,表原因。

60.D population“人口,人口数量”,其余的都不能表达此意。

61.Bwin independence“赢得独立”,其他三个词都与本意无关,所以选B。

62.c本句意思是美国独立后有13个州,每个州都在美国国旗上有所表现。谓语动词是was,意味着主语是单数,这样排除了all和some。而every一般不与of连用,所以只能选each。

63.D该空可根据常识来判断美国国旗上的星代表的是美国的州。如果没有这个常识可从下文“当美国扩展到西部之后,新的州加入进来,就有新的星加到国旗上”来推断。

64.B本句含义是当美国扩展到西部之后,新的州加入进来,就有新的星出现在国旗上。由于appear(出现)是个不及物动词,所以不能用被动语态,所以选B。

65.B two more stars“又多了两颗星”。another表示“又,再”的时候,往往放数词之前,应说 “another two stars”。

66.D representing the new states“代表着两个新州”,该结构是现在分词短语,修饰stars,因为stars和represent之间是主动关系,所以用现在分词来表示。

67.A介词of在此处表示同位关系,即the new states就是指Alaska和Hawaii。又如:the city of Beijing北京市。

68.C It is said that…“据说”,其中it做形式主语。英语中形式主语和形式宾语只能由it来充当,其他代词都不行。

69.B who在本句中引导定语从句,由于先行词是people,定语从句中又缺少主语,所以用who引导。

70.C本句意思是更多的美国人都是那些来自于世界各地、来新大陆寻找新生活的人的后代。work不可数,不能由a修饰,而世界各地的人是不可能到新大陆寻找星星的,所以无论从语法上,还是从含义上都应选C。

71.C those who…“…的那些人”,those在此处表示那些人。其余选项都不能这样用。

72.B in great numbers“大量地,大批地,成群结队地”,指人成群地来,固定搭配。

73.A on the coast“沿着海岸线”。coast往往和on相搭配,而不与其他介词搭配。

74.C for that reason“由于那个原因”,固定搭配。又如for some reason“由于某种原因”。

75.B those可用来指代前面所提到的复数名词。在本句中,those代替的是“its culture and customs”。that和the one都用来指代单数名词,these无此用法。

Part V Translation

Section A

76.在过去的十年里,有很多次,大团被污染的空气笼罩着美国东部,给那些远离主要生产和交通堵塞地区的农民们敲响了健康警钟。

77.另外一种观点不像前一种被广泛认同,它认为大气当中特殊物质的增加会遮住阳光,从而降低地球温度——这个结果同样会是灾难性的。

78.出版人很怀疑小说能够成功,他想让她和他一起承担出版费用,她希望的也只是挣够一件丝绸衣服的钱。

79.《汤姆叔叔的小屋》看起来似乎是受到全球欢迎,但这当然不是事实。

80.如果通过同工同酬的方式鼓励女性从事全职工作,她们就无法做她们擅长的事情:做好家务、抚养孩子。

Section B

81. He tried to control himself, pretending not to hear the sad news.

82. As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister have little in common.

83. This room is three times as big as that one.

84. If I were left to decide whether we would have a city without bicycles or a city without cars, I would not hesitate a moment to choose the latter.

85. No matter how difficult it is, I will never lose my faith.

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

Good Study Habits

Study habits play a decisive role in the effect of learning. It is, therefore, important that we should form a good habit when we study.

According to study advisers, there are some basic ways for learning well. Frequent revision,for example, is one of them. It is not a quick way of learning well, of course, however, it does prove effective in the long run. Also, to do enough preparations before class helps a lot.

 Besides, there is another way of learning, that is, learning through communicating. Learning will be more efficient if you put what you have learned or are learning into practice. That' s why in recent years "Communicative Method" has been strongly recommended in schools in China.


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