首页 > 外语 > 湖北成人教育2018年成人高考专升本英语预测真题及答案(十)


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  . Phonetics (5 points)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter

combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that

is different from the others in pronunciation.  Mark your answer by blackening the

corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. A. background   

B. although  

C. blouse  

D. amount

2. A. garage

B. damage

C. courage

D. garbage

3. A. civil
B. curriculum

C. crystal   

D. country

4. A. color 

B. comfortable

C. bachelor

D. born

5. A. baggage   

B. suggestion

C. biography

D. paragraph

. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four

choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and

blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6. Do you think it necessary       an English diary every day?

A. keep

B. to keep   

C. keeping

D. kept

7.        have I heard anything like that in my life.

A. Only

B. Surprisingly

C. Never   

D. However

8. When we woke up, everywhere was        snow.

A. covered   

B. covered in

C. covered with

D. covering

9. More students than one       there,

A.  has been  

B. have been

C. had been

D. would have been

10. You know that's right,        ?

 A. is it
B. isn't it

C. do you  

D. don't you

11. You're always moaning about something or other. I wish you       

 A. shut up  

B. were shut up

C. had shut up  

D. would shut up

 12.        a little more tolerant our world would be a better place.

 A. Were people  

B. If people would

C. People were  

D. Would people

 13. When I was a child I used       swimming in the lake.

A. to going

B. going

C. to go   
D. go

 14. Saul's brother left the matter entirely up to       and       

A. I, he

B. him, I

C. me, he  

D. him, me

 15. When my grandfather died, I discovered that he had left me some money in his       

A. savings  

B. will   

C. credit card   

D. cash machine

16. Those good traditions have been passed       the younger generation.

A. on to

B. to on  
C. cross to  

D. to

17.        many times, but he still couldn't understand it.

A. Having been told   

B. He was told

C. Though he had been told

D. Having told

18. We had a long telephone       yesterday evening.

A. dialogue

B. conversation

C. talk

D. speech

19. How       of you to remember my birthday!

A. thoughtful

B. Thoughtfully

C. careful

D. carefully

20. Marry, as well as Torn,        a key to the office.

A. have

B. Having

C. to have  

D. has

. Cloze (30 points)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A,B, C and

D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding

letter on the Answer Sheet.

 Earth is the only   21we know of in the universe that can support human life.22   human

activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the western world   23on consuming two-

thirds of the world' s resources while half of the world' s population do so   24   to stay alive we are rapidly destroying the25resource we have by which all people can survive and prosper.

Everywhere fertile soil is   26   built on or washed into the sea. Renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to recover   27We discharge pollutants   28   the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences. As a   29   the planet' s ability to support people is being   30   at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are   31increasingly heavy demands on it. The Earth' s32resources are there for us to use. We need food, water, air, energy, medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to   33us fed, comfortable, healthy and active. If we are sensible in how we use the resources they will34indefinitely.  But if we use them wastefully and excessively they will soon run   35   and everyone will suffer.

21. A. situation

B. place

C. position

D. site

22. A. Although

B. Still

C. Yet   

D. Despite

23. A. continues

B. repeats

C. carries   

D. follows

24. A. already

B. just  

C. for

D. entirely

25. A. alone

B. individual  

C. lone

D. only

 26. A. sooner   

B. neither

C. either   

D. rather

 27. A. quite

B. greatly

C. utterly   

D. completely

 28. A. into

B. off

C. on  

D. above

29. A. development  

B. result

C. reaction

D. product
30. A. stopped  

B. narrowed   

C. reduced

D. cut

31. A. doing

B. having

C. taking   

D. making

32. A. natural  

B. real   

C. living

D. genuine

33. A. hold

B. maintain  

C. stay

D. keep

34. A. last

B. stand

C. go  

D. remain

35. A. away

B. out

C. up  

D. over

. Reading Comprehension (60 points)

Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four

questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose

one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

   Passage One

 Ronald Musoke is a college student from Uganda. He attends the College of Marin in California.

Recently he got very excited about things he found in wastebaskets.  What did he find? He found outdated textbooks that had been thrown away.  Some of the books had sold new for one hundred dollars. The old textbooks had been either discontinued or replaced by newer editions.

 Uganda is a very poor country in Africa. When Musoke went to school in Uganda, there were never enough books.  Sometimes five books were shared with one hundred fifty students.  Musoke lived through the Ugandan civil war and the loss of twelve family members from AIDS.

 Why is Musoke excited about the discarded textbooks.'? He wants to send them to Uganda so

women have the chance to get an education. The books will be used to pay for the women's education. Musoke hopes that education will help lower the number of deaths from AIDS. Also, the books will help lower illiteracy in Uganda.

 Other students are helping Musoke gather textbooks. Students are giving him books and over four thousand books have been collected. A business sponsor is helping to pay the postage for the books. Musoke and his classmates sort and pack the books.

 Ugandans will be educated with the help of donated books. The College of Marin students have

become connected with an African nation far away.  These classmates from a wealthy county, for example, Tanya Sehwedler and her classmates, have gained greater understanding of people who struggle to live in a very poor country.

36. Books were precious in Uganda because the schools       

 A. didn't use them in grade school   

B. no one knew how to read

 C. couldn't afford enough books

D. were closed by the civil war

37. The packing and sorting is being done by       

A. a business sponsor
B. other students in college

C. the College of Marin teachers

D. Musoke's college classmates

38. Tanya Sehwedler is helping pack and sort books because       

A. it makes her feel good to better the lives of others

B. it may offer her experience to help her own country

C. she likes to sort and organize

D. she wants to contact with that country far away

39. The proper title for this passage is       

A. Books in College of Matin  

B. Ronatd Musoke and Tanya Schwedler

C. "Trashed" Books Help Ugandans

D. Poor Africa Students in the United States

  Passage Two

Only one animal can walk 200 miles without stopping once to rest. It would take a person two days and two nights to walk this far, and only one man has ever done it without stopping. What amazing animal has such endurance? The camel ! The camel is well known for something else, too. It can cross an entire desert without a single drink of water. Its body is built in a special way to help it store water and food.

 A person has just one stomach, but a camel has quite a few. Within each stomach are layers and

layers of cells. These cells are like tiny water balloons, storing liquids until the camel needs them.

When the camel drinks, the cells grow larger and larger. For a whole week, they can keep the animal's thirst away by sending water to all parts of its body.

 And did you ever wonder why the camel has a hump? The hump is a storage place for fat.

Because it has this storage area, the camel does not need to eat very often. When the animal needs energy, the layers of fat serve as fuel to keep it going on the long, hot days in the burning sun.

 The camel has one other gift that makes it well suited to arid regions. This gift is its amazing

nose. A camel can smell a water hole from miles away!

 When a camel moves it sways from side to side like a ship on a wavy ocean. Because of this

swaying motion, the camel has been called the "Ship of the Desert. "

40. The camel's hump is a storage place for       

A. muscles

B. extra water

C. body sugars  

D. fat

41. We can conclude from this passage that camels       

A. feel at home in the desert   

B. like to carry heavy loads

C. look like ships from a distance   

D. will always be useful

42. The author compares cells with water balloons in order to       

A. make you think of summer  

B. help you visualize the ceils

C. show how rubber is elastic  

D. show how many shapes cells can have

43. The word "arid" is closest in meaning to       

A. sunny   

B. flat  

C. dry

D. sandy

Passage Three

A group of scientists rowing toward the center of a lake saw something shocking. They turned back as fast as they could. What had they seen?. The lake was boiling!

The group was investigating a crater lake in the mountains of St. Vincent. A crater hake is the

mouth of a volcano that has been dormant for some time and has filled with water.

This particular crater was the tip of a volcano called Soufriere, which erupted last in 1902. Since

that time, it had not shown any signs of action. But in the fall of 1971, mountain climbers who had hiked near the lake returned to the lowlands with strange stories. They said the water had turned yellow and was giving off a smell like burnt eggs. A seething fog was rising from the lake's surface.

 Local scientists rushed to Soufriere to see if this might be the beginning of a new volcanic explosion. They found a huge black mass in the middle of the water. It was a great blab 1,000 feet

long and 300 feet wide. Lava had pushed up through the bottom of the lake and formed a new island.

 The investigators wanted to make sure that the volcano was safe, and that the lava would not

overflow into the surrounding countryside. But they could never reach the island to study it, because the lava was so hot that the water around it bubbled and boiled.

44. This passage is about       

A. mountain climbing

B. a boiling lake

C. a new volcanic island   

D. a mysterious blab

45. A crater lake is at the tip of a       

A. mountain

B. ridge  

C. island   

D. volcano

46. We can conclude that       

A. the situation was nothing to be concerned about

B. Soufriere is still an active volcano

C. crater lakes are easy to hike to

D. Soufriere is a dead volcano

47. The writer explains the boiling water by using       

A. myths

B. Humor

C. facts

D. arguments

 Passage Four

 Have you ever heard of a flower whose seeds are carried and spread by elephants? The rafflesia, a rare blossom, is very unusual. Found in the rain forests of Sumatra, the rafflesia is the world's largest flower, measuring three feet in diameter!

 This giant flower is a parasite--it needs another plant to live on. It lacks the structures needed to

survive alone. The rafflesia has no stem or leaves. It is all flower. It attaches itself to the roots of other plants and sucks their juices. The flower's favorite home is the root of the vine, which grows above ground.

 The rafflesia seems to burst right out of the forest floor. Its blossom weighs fifteen pounds! It has thick, spotted petals that give off a rotten smell. The center is about the size of a household bucket. After a rain, it may hold up to twelve pints of water!

 After the rafflesia dies, it becomes a pool of thick liquid in which its seeds float.  Elephants

wandering through the forest step into the mushy pool, and the seeds glue themselves to their feet. As the animals stomp through the forest, their sticky feet pick up twigs and leaves. The elephants try to rid themselves of the sticky mess, in the same way people try to get bubble gum off their shoes. The elephants rub their feet against the roots of the vine. In no time, seeds left on the vine grow into more monstrous flowers !

45. Elephants help to       

A. provide food for the giant flower

B. water the rafflesia with their trunks

C. carry rafflesia seeds from one place to another

D. stomp out the awful smelling petals

49. From this passage, we can guess that the writer       

A. likes elephants
B. has a very large garden

C. admires the wonders of nature

D. likes to measure things

50. To give us an idea of how large the rafflesia is, the author uses       

A. the size of an elephant for comparison

B. measurements

C. comparisons to other flowers

D. detailed descriptions of the flower's stem

51. As used in this passage, "structures" means       

A. endurance

B. Organization

C. necessary parts

D. energy

 Passage Five

Many superstitious people are afraid of black cats. They believe that black cats have a strange

power. If a black cat crosses their path, they think they will have bad luck.

 Black cats haven't always had such a bad reputation. Long ago, the Egyptians thought that black

cats were holy animals.  They even worshipped them.  Pasht was an Egyptian goddess who had a woman's body and a cat's head. Because the Egyptians had so much respect for black cats, they often buried the sacred creatures with great ceremony.  Mummies of cats have often been found in ancient cemetery ruins. To keep the cats company after they died, mice were sometimes buried beside them.

 Feelings about black cats have always been strong. People have thought they were either very good or very bad. The people of Europe, in the Middle Ages, believed black cats were the evil friends of witches and the Devil. Witches were said to have the power to change themselves into black cats. People believed that you could not tell whether a black cat was just a cat, or whether it was a witch disguising herself as she plotted some evil scheme. The brain of a black cat was thought to be a main ingredient in witch's brew.

 Unlike their ancestors of the Middle Ages, Englishmen today consider black cats to be good luck

charms. Fishermen's wives often keep a black cat around so that their husbands will be protected when they are out at sea.

52. The Egyptian goddess Pasht had a       

A. woman's head and a cat's body   

B. woman's head and a lion's body

C. cat's head and a man's body

D. woman's body and a cat's head

53. Judging from this passage, people of the Middle Ages probably       

A. treated black cats with respect

B. treated black cats badly

C. were witches if they had black cats  

D. thought black cats were beautiful

54. People of ancient Egypt and Europeans of the Middle Ages       

A. both worshipped black cats

B. both feared black cats

C. thought black cats could bring good luck

D. felt very different about black cats

55. "Sacred" means       

A. dead

B. Holy

C. Black

D. fearful

. Daily Conversation (15 points)

Directions: Pick out five appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the

following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

A. Maybe ! should call a taxi  

B. can you help me

C. it's the second left

D. not really

E. at the traffic lights   

F. Not at all

G. Museum Drive

H. Thanks again

Tourist: Excuse me,   56   ? I'm lost!

Person: Certainly, where would you like to go?

Tourist: I'd like to go to the museum, but I can't find it. Is it far?

Person : No,   57 . It's about a 5 minute walk. Now, go along this street to the traffic lights. Do you see them?

Tourist: Yes, I can see them.

Person: Right,   58   , turn left into Queen Mary Avenue.

Tourist: Queen Mary Avenue.

Person: Right. Go straight on. Take the second left and enter Museum Drive.

Tourist: OK. Queen Mary Avenue, straight on and then the second left,   59

Person : Right. Just follow Museum Drive and the museum is at the end of the road.

Tourist: Great. Thanks for your help.

Person :   60

VI. Writing (25 points)

Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a letter of refasal in English in 100-120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.

61.你(Li Yuan)的朋友(Jack)邀请你暑期到他家乡——农村去度假。写封信委婉拒绝。信的








1B  2A  3A 4D  5B







Vocabulary and Structure


6B  7C  8C  9B  l0D  llD  l2A  l3C  l4D  l5B  l6A  l7B

18B  l9A  20D




8Cover with由什么覆盖,cover in填满。选项C是正确的。【句子大意】当我们醒来时发现到处都是雪。





13Used to do sth过去常常做某事,be used to doing sth习惯于做某事。选项C是正确的。【句子大意】我小的时候常去河里游泳。


15Savings存款,will遗嘱,credit card信用卡,cash machine取钞机。选项B是正确的。【句子大意】我爷爷去世时我发现在他的遗嘱中给我留了一些钱。

16Pass on to sb传递给某人。选项A是正确的。【句子大意】好的传统已经传给了年轻的一代。




20.本句谓语动词的单复数取决于as well as前面的主语。选项D是正确的。【句子大意】玛丽有一把办公室的钥匙,汤姆也有。



21B  22C  23C  24B  25D  26C  27D  28A  29B  30C  31D

32A  33D  34A  35B




23Continue继续,repeat重复,carry拿、支持,follow跟着。这里要求与介词on搭配,carry on不停地持续下去,follow on继续击球。选项C是正确的。Carry on consuming持续消耗。






29Development发展,result结果,reaction反应,product产品。As a result结果是。人类污染了大气层,其结果是在人类最需要地球时,它却无能为力。选项B是正确的。


31Make a demand on sth……提出要求。选项D是正确的。文中指对地球提出供养人类的要求。





35Run away逃走,run out耗尽,run up增大,run over碾过、浏览。根据上下文,资源用尽,人类受苦。选项B是正确的。



Reading Comprehension



36C  37D  38A  39C



37.第四段最后一句话。Ronald Musoke的同学帮他把书分类、打包。选项D正确。其他选项:商人赞助寄书的邮费;其他学生帮助收集教材。选项C文中没有提到。

38.最后一段最后一句提到,很多来自富有国家的学生,例如Tanya Schwedler,都在帮助收集整理书籍的过程中对在贫困中挣扎的人有所了解。所以可以说,他们很愿意做些帮助别人改善生活的有意义的事。选项A正确。



Ronald Musoke是来自乌千达的学生。他在加利福尼亚的马林大学就读。不久前他非常兴奋地发现废纸篓里有丢弃的过时教材。有些书新的时候价值l00美元。这些旧书或是不再使用或是被新的版本所替代。




学生们帮助Musoke收集教材。学生们给他的书已经超过了4 000本。一位赞助商负责邮寄这些书。Musoke和他的同班同学负责分类和打包。

乌干达人会通过这些捐赠的书获得教育。马林大学的学生们也因此与远在非洲的国家有了联系。这些来自富裕国家的同学,比如Tanya Schwedler和她的同学们也对那些来自贫困国家还在与生活作斗争的人有了更多的理解。



40D  41A  42B  43C














44C  45D  46B  47C



45.第二段。解释crater lake是火山的口,里面装满了水。选项D是正确的。








当地的科学家立刻冲向Soufriere看看是否新的火山爆发正在开始。他们发现水中央有一巨大的黑色物体,长约1 000英尺,宽约300英尺。湖底的熔岩往上堆积成一个新的岛屿。




48C  49C  50B  51B





51.第二段。Structure意为组织,组成部分,构造是可以没有的。Necessary parts是必需的部分,不可少的。选项B是正确的。









52D  53B  54D  55B











Ⅴ.Daily Conversation


56B  57D  58E  59G  60F


56Excuse me通常是询问或请求帮忙的开场白,后面又说他迷路了,所以肯定是寻求帮助。选项B是正确的。




















Dear Jack,

Thank you so much for your warmhearted invitation of spending my summer vocation at your

hometown, a quiet and beautiful country. I have been waiting for it so long. But, unfortunately, I

have to go back my own hometown, a hot and noisy city, for my sister just got an admission from a university and she is preparing for it.  As an elder brother, I must help her in both mental and

physical ways.

So sorry for missing the good chance to join you at your home. Next year, we will spend summer

together, our summer.

Send my greetings to your parents, please. I'll visit them next year.

Take care!

Li Yuan



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